SCIREA Journal of Biology (ISSN: 2995-388X)

SCIREA Journal of Biology is an international, scientific peer-reviewed open access journal published online by SCIREA.

Open Access free for readers, with article processing charges (APC)paid by authors or their institutions.

High visibility: Indexed in the Google Scholar and other databases.

Rapid publication: manuscripts are peer-reviewed and a first decision provided to authors approximately 20 days after submission; acceptance to publication is undertaken in 5 days.

Recognition of reviewers: reviewers who provide timely, thorough peer-review reports receive vouchers entitling them to a discount on the APC of their next publication in any SCIREA journal, in appreciation of the work done.


Volume 9, Issue 1, February 2024

Open Access
Peter Mantle
Abstract: Specificity of synthetic pheromone lures to trap plum and apple moth males is standard agricultural practice to predict timely application of insecticides to fruit trees. Compatibility of both lures in the same trap has long been accepted for capture of both in several two-moth combinations, but any specificity for their re
Abstract       References PDF (699 k) 41 Downloads     3557 Views     DOI: 10.54647/biology180365
Open Access
Theodore Walker Jr.
Abstract: The Biology of the Cell Surface (1939a) by Ernest Everett Just is focused on marine egg cells and egg cell surfaces. By observing, experimenting with, and theorizing about egg cells, and cell surface mediated co-operation with sperm, other cells, and environment, E. E. Just contributed to developmental biology, evolutionary
Abstract       References PDF (300 k) 26 Downloads     2681 Views     DOI: 10.54647/biology180367

Volume 8, Issue 6, December 2023

Open Access
Xiang-Xi Mike Xu, Elizabeth R. Smith
Abstract: Epithelial cells comprise the surface layers that cover tissues and organs, and by definition, exhibit an asymmetric surface domain and hence apical-basal polarity. The development of early mammalian embryos, from a fertilized oocyte to a blastocyst and implanted embryo, provides an excellent system to observe the formatio
Abstract       References PDF (618 k) 52 Downloads     130592 Views     DOI: 10.54647/biology180331
Open Access
Abstract: According to the concepts, methods and principles of cladistics, and through the discovery of  many synapomorphy, patristic relationship, ancestral-descendant sequence transformation  characters, (recency of common ancestor), in particular, the recurrence of the ancestral-descendant sequence transformation characters in mon
Abstract       References PDF (726 k) 114 Downloads     131692 Views     DOI: 10.54647/biology180320

Volume 8, Issue 5, October 2023

Open Access
Joseph M. Schulz, Alejandro Tamayo Garcia, Chloe Muriel Bell Moulin, Isabella Delia Altilio Bove, Xiang-Xi (Mike) Xu
Abstract: Adipose tissues distribute throughout the mammalian organs, though large deposits localize at specific anatomical sites, such as visceral, subcutaneous, intermuscular, and intramuscular fats. The embryonic origin of adipose tissues has been mapped using genetic mutant mice, and multiple lineages of adipose progenitor cells
Abstract       References PDF (573 k) 62 Downloads     130472 Views     DOI: 10.54647/biology180324
Open Access
Čulić Vida, Robert Vulić, Maja Radman, Tamara Bošnjak, Jasminka Rešić Karara, Maria Lopatkina, Igor Lebedev
Abstract: In this study we presented several patients with genital infections during pregnancy, perinatal infection, de novo genetics syndromes, sterility problems and spontaneous abortions with HSV1, HSV2, CMV, Adeno, Parvo B19, RSV, EBV and Coxsackie virus. Spontaneous abortion were provoked (or at least associated) with viral infe
Abstract       References PDF (535 k) 60 Downloads     130510 Views     DOI: 10.54647/biology180326

Volume 8, Issue 4, August 2023

Open Access
Matthias Hartung
Abstract: Forty-four specimens of the Calopteryx splendens/ balcanica complex of the Peloponnesus and adjacent areas have been found and were analyzed by different methods. The aim of this study is to characterize a Calopteryx form with broad wings found 1979 in the Peloponnesus. The length and width of the fore wings of all found sp
Abstract       References PDF (2054 k) 77 Downloads     130819 Views     DOI: 10.54647/biology180295

Volume 8, Issue 3, June 2023

Open Access
Jameela Al-Ghanim, Fatimah Al-Hassawi, Jiwan S. Sidhu, Mohammad Al-Foudari, Amani Al-Othman
Abstract: Flaxseed being a useful source of ω-3 fatty acid (alpha linolenic acid, ALA)has been used as whole flaxseed and crushed flaxseed to develop acceptable quality functional food products, namely pan bread and Arabic bread. The addition of whole and crushed flaxseed 0%, 2%, 4%, 6%, 8% in all of these products with white wheat f
Abstract       References PDF (150 k) 71 Downloads     125513 Views     DOI: 10.54647/biology180309

Volume 8, Issue 2, April 2023

Open Access
Ting Lu
Abstract: The skin care program uses active ingredients recommended by doctors who treat skin and mucosal diseases (including aging) and should pay more attention to symptom reversing and preventing chronic inflammation. This adjustment of treatment and prevention strategy is necessary, because chronic inflammation seems to be closel
Abstract       References PDF (185 k) 76 Downloads     125092 Views     DOI: 10.54647/biology180273
Open Access
Jianghua Zhou
Abstract: According to the new findings of the experiment, the author proposed the "New Theoretical System of Physics in the 21st Century". This article continues to carry forward this innovative spirit, and proposes new strategic ideas for the research and disclosure of the "formation mechanism" and "treatment plan" of COVID-19, AID
Abstract       References PDF (260 k) 94 Downloads     125263 Views     DOI: 10.54647/biology180275
Open Access
Jean Baptiste Hzounda Fokou, Giselle Marguerite Etame Loe, Clive Jezeh Ngueguim, Francine Kouemo, Abi Edmund Otang, Guy Pascal Ngaba, Jules Clement Assob
Abstract: Purpose: Most antifungals have drawbacks, including toxicity, efficacy, and cost, and their misuse has led to the emergence of resistant strains. Therefore, more is needed. This study aimed to evaluate the antifungal properties of bacterial endophytic extracts on Candida spp.
Materials and Methods: Biolog
Abstract       References PDF (709 k) 78 Downloads     125666 Views     DOI: 10.54647/biology180278
Open Access
Nguyen, Luong Hieu Hoa, Ngo, Thi Phuong Dung, Le, Quynh Loan, Nguyen, Hoang Dung
Abstract: The chemical pesticides being used today have adverse effects on human health and the environment. So ,they are strictly controlled, especially for export agricultural products. Since then, the search for pesticides derived from natural plants to replace chemical drugs on the market have extensively done. In this study, the
Abstract       References PDF (252 k) 86 Downloads     125722 Views     DOI: 10.54647/biology180286

Volume 8, Issue 1, February 2023

Open Access
CAO Wen Li, Xuwei, Wu Jun-Feng, Wu Gui-Ping, Wu Li-Juan, ShenNing, GAI Xiao Yan
Abstract: The obstructive pulmonary disease tuberculosis B (tuberculosis obstructive pulmonary called TOPD disease) in elderly patients with tuberculosis is a common and early prevention and treatment, the latter to irreversible persistent airflow limitation and accompanied by chronic airway inflammation, progressive misdiagnosed, TO
Abstract       References PDF (391 k) 83 Downloads     3332 Views     DOI: 10.54647/biology180269
Open Access
Yung‐Tsung Cheng, Cheng‐Chi Tai, Willy Chou, Jiun‐Hung Lin
Abstract: Aging society is currently the common environmental phenomenon in developed countries. The occurrence of chronic diseases is rising with increasing elderly population; degenerative knee arthritis is one of them to feel pain when knees are under load. In addition to detection through doctors’ inquiry and palpation, the assis
Abstract       References PDF (719 k) 82 Downloads     3307 Views     DOI: 10.54647/biology180271
Open Access
HE Li-bin, LUO Hui-yu, ZHENG Le-yun
Abstract: In this study, we determined the complete mitochondrial genome of the Picasso panda clownfish for the first time. The length of the whole mitogenome is 16,652 bp long and contained 13 protein-coding genes, 2 ribosomal RNA genes, 22 transfer RNA genes, 2 non-coding regions and 1 control region(D-lop). The mitochondrial
Abstract       References PDF (235 k) 61 Downloads     3262 Views     DOI: 10.54647/biology18255

Volume 7, Issue 4, August 2022

Open Access
Rosina Sonnenschmidt
Abstract: Humans and animals are exposed to a high degree of non-ionizing radiation in everyday conditions. Possible consequences include defects in mitochondria, cell membranes and DNA. In addition to the treatment of possible consequential damage, the holistic approach aims at the detection of possible sources of radiation and the
Abstract       References PDF (157 k) 60 Downloads     3577 Views     DOI: 10.54647/biology18238

Volume 7, Issue 3, June 2022

Open Access
Werner Jaross
Abstract: The diversity of biological processes in the cell, which often occur in parallel, requires very good temporal and spatial coordination. In addition to the very extensively studied intracellular chemical signalling, a comprehensive physical information system appears to be required. The hypothesis is presented that the therm
Abstract       References PDF (171 k) 96 Downloads     3558 Views     DOI: 10.54647/biology18231
Open Access
Marco Antônio Menezes Neto, Miguel Pedro Guerra
Abstract: In order to identify the phenolic substance that is responsive in a new C4-safranin histochemical test for determination of the photosynthetic pathway in grasses, we developed a fluorescence microscopy aided protocol for extraction and quantification of the target substance, with subsequent mass spectrometry analysis for mo
Abstract       References PDF (325 k) 73 Downloads     3535 Views     DOI: 10.54647/biology18191

Volume 7, Issue 2, April 2022

Open Access
Mark Nyanzu, Zhezhe Sun, Felix Siaw-Debrah, Ying Zhang, Xiaohong Zhu, Su Yang, Haoqi Ni, Xiao Lin, Qichuan ZhuGe, Lijie Huang
Abstract: Resveratrol (RSV), a polyphenol antioxidant, has been reported to function as a neuroprotector. We explored the molecular mechanisms that underlines the anti-inflammatory activity of RSV in traumatic brain injury (TBI) in mice relevant to endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS). By establishing three experimental groups (sham, T
Abstract       References PDF (2120 k) 79 Downloads     3767 Views     DOI: 10.54647/biology18214
Open Access
Mei Jie, He Qiang, Zhang Dapeng, Sun Xin
Abstract: Objective: Synovial fibroblasts (RASF) in rheumatoid arthritis are important mediators of synovial inflammation and joint destruction. This study provides valuable suggestions for the prevention and treatment of RA by observing catalase intervention in RASF and exploring its possible mechanisms.
Abstract       References PDF (477 k) 69 Downloads     3632 Views     DOI: 10.54647/biology18219

Volume 7, Issue 1, February 2022

Open Access
Edmundas Lekevičius
Abstract: Species diversity is supported by trophic specialisation and the variability of environmental conditions in space and time, in other words, it is a form of the division of labour (a);Biodiversity helps to stabilise the functions (essential variables) of individuals, populations, and ecological communities (b);The emergence
Abstract       References PDF (343 k) 84 Downloads     4173 Views     DOI: 10.54647/biology18175
Open Access
Pashayan Romela, Karapetyan Jon, Harutyunyan Levon
Abstract: Earth Crust of central Armenia were compiled. A seismological section according to the profile along which mineral water deposits are located was developed. The circle of the diagram of the chemical composition The visualization of graphical methods of hydrogeochemical information is shown. Maps of seismicity and stress-str
Abstract       References PDF (639 k) 104 Downloads     3696 Views     DOI: 10.54647/biology18199
Open Access
J.O. Siringi, Losenge Turoop, Francis Njonge
Indoor experiments were carried out to examine the effect of spirulina (Arthrospira platensis) stimulant on growth performance and biochemical response of lettuce (Lactuca sativa) grown in an aquaponic system. The lettuce plants, 10.45±0.12cm (Mean ± SD), were randomly distributed and transplanted into four treatments
Abstract       References PDF (505 k) 90 Downloads     3787 Views     DOI: 10.54647/biology18204

Volume 6, Issue 6, December 2021

Open Access
K. Edwina, P. Leela
Abstract: Phytochemicals are secondary metabolites produced by a variety of plants that can prevent competitor species from germinating. Allelopathy is the name for this process, mediated by various substances, the most common of which are phenolic compounds. Plant allelochemicals can thus be employed in agricultural systems to suppr
Abstract       References PDF (498 k) 101 Downloads     3821 Views     DOI: 10.54647/biology18193
Open Access
Nurtjahjo Dwi Sasongko, Adi Amurwanto
Abstract: Winged bean (Psophocarpus tetragonolobus (L.) (DC.) contains moderate to high fat in its seeds including palmitic acid (C18:0). Of those three sampling areas in Indonesia, the Sumateranese winged bean seeds contains 60%; which is important raw source of various oleochemical industries. Palmitoyl ACP is one among those enz
Abstract       References PDF (394 k) 77 Downloads     3666 Views     DOI: 10.54647/biology18197
Open Access
FengXue, TongLiu
Abstract: In this study, we used the rhizosphere soil of Crimson seedless grape vines with large planting area in Shihezi, Xinjiang as research material, sequenced the bacterial 16S rRNA gene (V4) in different depths of the soil with the grape vines planted for 5, 8, 10, 12 and 15 years by using Illumina MiSeq sequencing platform, an
Abstract       References PDF (1265 k) 83 Downloads     3811 Views     DOI: 10.54647/biology18195

Volume 6, Issue 5, October 2021

Open Access
Donny J. Prihadi, Zhang Gunghai, Noir P. Purba, Indah Riyantini, Vicky Soemantrie
Abstract: Mangrove ecosystem is a habitat of mangrove crab (Scylla serrata). This research was conducted in mangrove ecosystem area of ​​Karangsong Village, Karangsong Sub-district, Indramayu District. The purpose of this research is to know the abundance of mangrove crab, mangrove ecosystem condition and mangrove ecosystem relations
Abstract       References PDF (447 k) 65 Downloads     3830 Views     DOI: 10.54647/biology18181

Volume 6, Issue 4, August 2021

Open Access
Xu XX, Smith ER, Salas PJ
Abstract: Epithelial cells comprise the surface layers that cover tissues and organs, and by definition, exhibit an asymmetric surface domain and hence apical-basal polarity. The development of early mammalian embryos, from a fertilized oocyte to a blastocyst and implanted embryo, provides an excellent system to observe the formatio
Abstract       References PDF (616 k) 64 Downloads     3774 Views     DOI: 10.54647/biology18174

Volume 6, Issue 3, June 2021

Open Access
Konstantina Stavroulaki, Catherine Santanello
Abstract: The World Health Organization has emphasized the importance of screening water used for agricultural purposes in order to prevent potential water-borne and food-bone outbreaks.1 These outbreaks are linked to a variety of pathogens, especially Gram-negative bacteria, protozoa, and viruses. Multiple pathogenic strains of Esch
Abstract       References PDF (577 k) 71 Downloads     3954 Views     DOI: 10.54647/biology18129

Volume 6, Issue 2, April 2021

Open Access
Lai Yanxue
Abstract: For many decades, the parasitic behavior of wasp Sclerodermus guani (Hymenoptera: Bethylidae), a typical generalist gregarious ectoparasitoid, was described as paralyzing the hosts by stinging with venom for egg-laying, and then their offspring larvae after hatching feed on hosts’ hemolymph for the development until emergen
Abstract       References PDF (669 k) 114 Downloads     3824 Views     DOI: 10.54647/biology18144

Volume 6, Issue 1, February 2021

Open Access
Xu Wei, Gan Qinhua, Pan Yingwen, Cai Bo, Ao Su, Meng rui, Chen Li, Pu Jian
Abstract: In this study,the total DNA of nine species of Saperda (Lopezcolonia) octopunctata (Scopoli, 1772), Saperda (Lopezcolonia) scalaris (Linnaeus, 1758), Saperda interrupta Gebler, Saperda Alberti (Plavilstshikov), Saperda (Saperda) similis Laicharting, 1784, Saperda (Compsidia) populnea (Linnaeus, 1758),Saperda (Saperda) carc
Abstract       References PDF (327 k) 171 Downloads     4003 Views     DOI: 10.54647/biology18132

Volume 5, Issue 4, August 2020

Open Access
Takeshi Nagata, Satsuki Kimoto
Abstract: Bismuth (Bi) is one of the minor metals and is used in semiconductors and water pipes as a substitute for lead. However, the Bi concentration in the soil has not been investigated. Furthermore, Bi has no environmental quality standard in Japan. We previously reported on Bi phytotoxicity in Arabidopsis thaliana. However, the
Abstract       References PDF (661 k) 184 Downloads     4137 Views     DOI:

Volume 5, Issue 3, June 2020

Open Access
Huda Sahib Al-Rawazq
Abstract: Toxoplasma gondii (T.gondi) is a protozoan parasite caused zoonotic disease prevalent worldwide called Toxoplasmosis. An intracellular protozoan obligatory parasite with complex life cycle and cases toxoplasmosis between humans and infecting the globe population that is the most prevalent chronic infections. The most common
Abstract       References PDF (168 k) 186 Downloads     4082 Views     DOI:
Open Access
Qilei Zhang, Guangxin Chen, Jundong Huang, Changlian Peng
Abstract: As an invasive plant, Mikania micrantha has lost the natural enemy of the country of origin in its invasion, but it will face the feeding of omnivorous insects. In order to explore the anti-insect-feeding defense strategy, M. micrantha with insect-feeding (IF) and non-insect-feeding (NIF) were selected as research materials
Abstract       References PDF (517 k) 217 Downloads     4053 Views     DOI:

Volume 5, Issue 2, April 2020

Open Access
Gobind Sagar Bhardwaj, Gogul Selvi, Saket Agasti, Balaji Kari, Hemant Singh, Anand Kumar, GV Reddy
Abstract: Based on individual tiger monitoring of all re-introduced tigers in Sariska Tiger Reserve for two years, from 2016 to 2018, tiger kill data was analysed for demonstrating prey preference by the tigers. The observation of maximum number of tiger kills of livestock (77%) followed by Sambar Rusa unicolor (13.6%), chital Axis a
Abstract       References PDF (692 k) 216 Downloads     4497 Views     DOI:

Volume 5, Issue 1, February 2020

Open Access
M. Jahedur Rahman, Md. Shahjahan Ali, Farzana Islam, Most. Zannat Zakia
Abstract: Carbonized rice husk, coco peat and sawdust are considered as good growing substrate components, but high water holding capacity causes poor air-water relationship, thus affecting oxygen diffusion to roots. Incorporation of coarser materials into these substrate components could improve aeration status. The present experim
Abstract       References PDF (471 k) 217 Downloads     4214 Views     DOI:

Volume 4, Issue 1, February 2019

Open Access
Lyudmila Belenska-Todorova, Petya Ganova, Nina Ivanovska
Abstract: Berberine is a protoberberine alkaloid possessing various pharmacological activities, known as a Janus kinase (JAK) inhibitor. The aim of the present study was to elucidate the mechanism of its action in relation to JAK2/3 and sclerostin expression in synovium and cartilage, the presence of Receptor activator of factor kΒ L
Abstract       References PDF (1739 k) 351 Downloads     5664 Views     DOI:
Open Access
Kewen Zheng, Xiao Wu, Wei Chen, Kesi Zheng
Abstract: Melanoma diagnosed by small bowel obstructions (SBOs) as the initial clinical symptom is a relatively rare condition. We present a rare case of SBO that occurred in an adult woman with unsuspected small bowel melanoma, diagnosed by imaging, laparotomy and pathological examination. A 49-year-old female was sent to the emerge
Abstract       References PDF (2147 k) 322 Downloads     5479 Views     DOI:

Volume 3, Issue 1, February 2018

Open Access
Abstract: The interrelationship between the carcinogenic effects of metabolites and molecular descriptors is modeled. The information function and the average number of valence electrons of molecules are used as molecular descriptors. It is demonstrated that the conversion of non-carcinogenic initial agents to carcinogenic metabolite
Abstract       References PDF (198 k) 414 Downloads     5643 Views     DOI:
Open Access
Tolulope Olaseeni Bamigboye, Joshua Kayode
Abstract: The effects of watering regimes on germination and early seedling development of D. cumminsii were examined in this study. 100 fresh seeds were selected and divided into five groups. Each group was sown separately in weathered sawdust filled into plastic germination trays. These were subjected to five watering regimes, viz:
Abstract       References PDF (191 k) 332 Downloads     6198 Views     DOI:

Volume 2, Issue 2, April 2017

Open Access
Andrey N. Volobuev, Eugene S. Petrov, Paul K. Kuznetsov
Abstract: On the basis of the mutational theory the process of Homo sapiens birth is investigated. The dependence of intellectual abilities of the man on features of a brain neuron structure in the early period of the man development is investigated. It is shown that Homo sapiens has appeared in result self-supported a temporary muta
Abstract       References PDF (429 k) 341 Downloads     6015 Views     DOI:

Volume 1, Issue 2, December 2016

Open Access
Kollarou Anna
Abstract: Quantitative approaches for the evaluation of functional outcome are required in order to develop strategies to improve the regeneration of peripheral nerves. Most of these studies use rats as animal experimental model, as they are inexpensive and easy to work with. In such studies, regeneration can be assessed by numerous
Abstract       References PDF (167 k) 452 Downloads     11963 Views     DOI:
Open Access
Yan Wei, Peng Chen, Shiqiang Ge, Zhengrong Wu, Ruixiang Xu, Wenbin Zhao, Hongyu Li, Qinjian Xie, Xin Wang, Jianping Zhou
Abstract: A.ferrooxidan as one of the main biological leaching ore bacteria,has great application value in industrial leaching ore,has been the research hotspot in recent years. Studies on the existing A.ferrooxidan is associated with a variety of metal ions: arsenic, aluminum, cobalt, strontium, chromium, copper, mercury, lead, lith
Abstract       References PDF (474 k) 359 Downloads     6152 Views     DOI:
Open Access
Kollarou Anna
Abstract: Inflammation and coagulation are two systems playing pivotal roles in host defense. As phylogenetically old responses, there is extensive crosstalk between inflammation and coagulation in assuring adequate immune response against injurious stimuli. The crosstalk between activated coagulation and inflammatory mediators is hi
Abstract       References PDF (229 k) 435 Downloads     6431 Views     DOI:

Volume 1, Issue 1, October 2016

Open Access
Rafael Zárate, Elena Cequier-Sánchez, Nabil El Jaber-Vazdekis, Covadonga Rodríguez, Roberto Dorta-Guerra, Ángel G. Ravelo
Abstract: Omega-3 long change polyunsaturated fatty acids in higher plants are limited with just a few plant genus showing the accumulation of stearidonic acid (SDA) being also the longest and more unsaturated omega-3 fatty acid present. Echium acanthocarpum has been proven to be an efficient and attractive producer of SDA. Improved
Abstract       References PDF (1260 k) 537 Downloads     6548 Views     DOI:
Open Access
Abstract: Estimation of total proteins was carried out and compare the effect of different concentrations of insecticides viz, multineem, neemjeevan, imidacloprid, monocrotophos, quinolphos and oxydemeton-o-methyl on the testis of D. koenigii. IV instar nymphs were treated with desired concentrations of different insecticides and the
Abstract       References PDF (202 k) 510 Downloads     5937 Views     DOI:
Open Access
Abstract: All extant photosynthetic organisms descend from a primeval photosynthetic operon of the single evolutionary line of cells. This hypothesis proposed existence of mitoplastide genome in the aerobic oxygen non-producing proto-eukaryot. This genome is composed of whole mitochondrial replicon and photosynthetic gene cluster su
Abstract       References PDF (353 k) 1505 Downloads     17922 Views     DOI: